Prologue 4    5 Bild Button pfeil1a   1 Bild Button pfeil1a   2 Bild Button pfeil1a   3 Bild Button pfeil1a  print site Bild Button pfeil1a1  Bild uk_flag

Topics of medicine & naturopathy

13. Medicine in history

14. The sumariens

15. The arabs / saracens Bild Button pfeil1a

16. The british india

17. Ayurveda

18. Medicine today

19. Homepathy

20. Acupuntura

21. the elektric medicine

22. Experts of medicine history

23.the american india

24. Sequoyah

25. Plants life

26. Schuessler salt

A 13. Medicine in history

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Websites on the History of Medicine

Ancient Medicine  The Asclepion provides information on health and medicine in the ancient cultures of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Compiled by Professor N. H. Demand - Indiana University, Bloomington.

History of Chinese Medicine  The ChiMed web site is managed by an international group of scholars who study the history of medicine in China. It includes online electronic resources relating to History of Medicine as well as directory of scholars around the world who study the histor

History of the Health Sciences  A list of World Wide Web Links related to History of the Health Sciences.

Intute-History of Medicine  MedHist is a free catalogue of evaluated, high quality Internet resources and websites relating to the history of medicine and allied sciences.

History of the Health Sciences World Wide Web Links

Organizations in the History of the Health Sciences

Primary Care Internet Guide

National Library of Medicine - History of Medicine Division  The National Library of Medicine houses one of the world's largest history of medicine collections. It collects print and non-print materials that document the history of medicine, health, and disease in all time periods and cultures.

Wellcome Library  Collections of books, manuscripts, archives, films and pictures on the history of medicine from the earliest times to the present day. It includes non U.S.A. and non-English language material.

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Images in Medicine

Historical Images in Medicine  Contains over 3,000 photographs, illustrations, engravings, and bookplates from the history of the health and life sciences. From Duke University Medical Center Library.

Images from the History of Medicine (National Library of Medicine)  Images from the History of Medicine provides access to nearly 60,000 images in the prints and photograph collection of the History of Medicine Division (HMD) of the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM).

Online Exhibitions and Digital Projects  One of the world's largest history of medicine collections.

Wellcome Library  Contains records for over 250,000 images of the history of medicine from antiquity to the birth and development of modern Western medicine.

William Osler Photo Collection  The William Osler Photo Collection chronicles Sir William's life from his childhood in the Canadian wilderness to his medical education at McGill University, his innovative days as a doctor and teacher in Canada and the United States, and the final years

Resources

Books

Journals

 Encyclopedias

Dictionaries of biographies of famous physicians and scientists

Databases

PubMed Use 'History of Medicine' in Limits tab

IndexCat

Historical Abstracts

Indexes and Catalogues

Bibliography of the History of Medicine

Bibliotheca Osleriana: Catalogue of books illustration of the history of medicine and science collected

Catalogue of incunabula and manuscripts in the Army Medical Library.

Decennial Index 

Health science books, 1876-1982.

Index Medicus For a comparison of year coverage between IndexCat and Index Medicus, see the NLM

Index to original communications in the medical journals of the USA and Canada for 1877

NLM Current Catalogue

Serial Publications containing medical classics: an index to citations in Garrison/Morton

Short-title catalogue of 18th century printed books in the NLM

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Associations

American Association for the History of Medicine AAHM is North America's oldest continuously functioning scholarly organization devoted to the study of all aspects of the history of the health professions, disease, public health, and related subjects.

European Association for the History of Medicine and Health  The purpose of EAHMH is to provide an interdisciplinary and international forum for studies in the history of medicine, health, and diseases.

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Traditional medicine & Prehistoric medicine

 East Asian   Traditional Chinese medicine  Kampo  Traditional Korean medicine  Traditional Mongolian medicine  Traditional Tibetan medicine

South & Southeast Asian     Ayurveda  Sri Lankan Ayurveda  Jamu  Siddha medicine  Thai traditional medicine  Unani 

Mediterranean & Near Eastern    Byzantine medicine  Ancient Egyptian medicine  Ancient Greek medicine  Medieval Islamic medicine  Ancient Iranian Medicine  Roman medicine 

African    Inyanga  Muti  Nganga  Sangoma  Yoruba medicine

Americas    Ayahuasca  Aztec  Traditional Brazilian medicine  Maya

Australasia & Oceania    Bush medicine

General   Alternative medicine  History of alternative medicine  Health care  Herbal medicine  Medieval medicine  Naturopathic medicine 

A 14. The Sumerians  

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Sumerian stone board - recipes 2,500 B.C.

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The medicine of the Sumerians, approx. 3,500 B.C., was sophisticated. Come from this time, according to opinion of important scientists, the first written, medical recordings from the city of Nippur in Mesopotamia which are based, nevertheless, on much older, orally transferred knowledge

Archaeological findings, old recordings and traditions prove that since millenniums, in the most different cultures, was believed in a creation, by an oh personality, on which one is dependent. Their remedial art and her food were based on the fact that the whole creation is a "symbiosis".

Waters - earth with her minerals - plants and animals are connected inseparably with each other, how in a big family. One helps and supported himself mutually, because one is dependent of each other. With the treatment of injuries and the most different symptoms these were also used. An intact immune system prevented illnesses. Then only they appeared when the person left this "symbiosis", ignored, while he changed his living conditions - flat - clothes - food - technology, in a way leading to the damage

A 15. Arab - Saracen

bild button unist andrews scotland     History Topics: Arabic/Islamic mathematics

List of Arab scientists and scholars

Arabic mathematics : forgotten brilliance? Arabic numerals History of Pi Chronology of Pi A history of Zero

790

al-Khwarizmi

908

Ibrahim

1048

Khayyam

800

Al-Jawhari

920

al-Uqlidisi

1100

Aflah

805

al-Kindi

940

Abu'l-Wafa

1130

al-Samawal

808

Hunayn

940

al-Quhi

1135

al-Tusi, Sharaf

810

Banu Musa, Ahmad

940

Al-Khujandi

1201

al-Tusi, Nasir

810

Banu Musa, al-Hasan

945

al-Sijzi

1220

al-Maghribi

810

Banu Musa, Muhammad

950

Yunus

1250

al-Samarqandi

820

Al-Mahani

953

Al-Karaji

1256

al-Banna

826

Thabit

965

al-Haitam

1260

al-Farisi

835

Ahmed

970

Mansur

1320

al-Khalili

850

Abu Kamil

973

al-Biruni

1364

Qadi Zada

850

al-Battani

980

Avicenna

1390

al-Kashi

880

Sinan

980

al-Baghdadi

1393

Ulugh Beg

875

Al-Nayrizi

989

Al-Jayyani

1400

al-Umawi

900

Al-Khazin

1010

Al-Nasawi

1412

al-Qalasadi

Bild Al Kashi Al Kashi Bild al battani Al Battani Bild al hazen Al Hazen Bild al khwarizmi Al Khwarizmi bild al fargani Al Farganie
Bild Al Biruni Al Biruni  Bild al ibn sulaiman Ali ibn Suleiman Bild avicenna 1 Avicenna Bild Arzt muhammad razi Muhammad Razi bild Al Kindi Al Kindi

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Rhazes (circa 865-925 A.D.), Persian-born physician who wrote extensively in Arabic, is pictured at the bedside of a young patient afflicted with measles. First to describe measles and smallpox with clinical accuracy, Rhazes also was first to observe and report papillary reaction to light. He also wrote the earliest known book on pediatric care. Representing Arabic medicine at its best, Rhazes‚ accomplishments of more than a thousand years ago still command admiration.

The Arabs collected all in her territory, not only scientific recordings from which to them known world, libraries founded - universities - formed an educational system - scholars pulled and never promoted the education, how a world power before.

They thought highly of written documentations and allowed to write down the knowledge transmitted only up to now by verbal traditions of the worlds at that time to receive it for the future generations. During few hundred years of her rule the science, also those of the medicine, a never before achieved climax reached.

By this recordings collected became clear that India is the country of origin of scientific knowledge of all sections. Indians brought the figures to Arabia and one introduced 773  0 as an up to now unknown name in the arithmetic system. All this was included in a textbook about figures with the title SIDDHANTA. The introduction of the Indian figure system led to explosive new discoveries and inventions, as Europe lay even more than 500 years in the deep sleep.

Muslim Scientists and Scholars

Al - Chwarismi              mathematician, invents the ALGEBRA  

Al - Kaschi                 astronomer invents the comma - decimal system and the corner measurement with the circle.

Al - Battani                 invents the sine -

Al - Haithama=Alhazen      calculation of the angle of refraction of beams of light with equations of the fourth degree.

Al - Khwarizmi              research team calculates the circumference of the earth anew and deviates only about 3.6%. 

Al - Faganie                discovers that the solar road runs backward

Al - Birunis                  recognises the rotation of the earth around own axis

AliIbn Suliman              put up in the year 1,000 a nuclear theory

Ibnal - Heitham             experementiert with the ray breaking by light and water and calculates themantle of air of the earth with quite exactly 15 kilometres.

 A gigantic observatory is built near Bagdad, other ones follow. Only 200 years after the death Mohammeds the Sarazenen/Arabs dispose of the whole knowledge of the world at that time, also of the medicine. Hygiene is capitalised. In Bagdad there were 34 hospitals and in Cordoba 50 and in all bigger towns also being sufficient ones.  

The number of inhabitants of the capital of Bagdad amounted to 2,000,000, an inconceivable number - qualified doctors 860 = 1:2325 to inhabitants - it was held on everything most exactly - there were travelling military hospitals and chemist's shops.

Encyclopaedic works contained detailed instructions about nearly all illnesses known also today, cancer - meningitis - malaria - lungs. other organ illnesses - gynecology - surgery - plague. The Pollutionsforschung was academically pursued there and recognised hygiene - measures as a primary therapy.

Al - Zahravi is called the "father of surgery".

Abul Qasim al-Zahrawi (963-1013 AD) is known as Albucasis to the West. He was a famous surgeon at the court of Caliph al-Hakam II in Baghdad. Students and patients flocked to him from the Muslim world and Europe. He wrote a Medical Encyclopedia which contained 30 sections of surgical knowledge and illustrations of 200 surgical instruments, most of which he designed himself. The Encyclopedia was required reading for physicians, and even five centuries later it was being used as the standard textbook on surgery in universities in Europe.

Al-Zahravi also performed many delicate operations such as caesareans (by cutting open the mother's belly for the delivery of the baby) and was also the first to use silk thread for stitching wounds. He developed many surgical tools that were used for centuries throughout the world of Islam and in Europe.

Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdullah ibn Sina = Avicenna 980 - in 1037  wrote the ” Koran of the medicine ” and  Muhammad Rhazi 865 - 925

A 16. The British India

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4.000 year old Indian medicine

 India Harappa 3,000 B.C.

The archeology confirms that since the earliest, as can be proved approx. 6,000 yearold taped history of mankind, the most comprehensive technical and medical knowledge existed and was applied successfully. Old-Indian empires, up to 4,000 B.C. were discovered which show up to now absolutely unknown cultures which put everything in knowledge about astronomy, mathematics, technology, medicine of the Greeks or Egyptians in the shade.

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Susruta, famed Hindu surgeon, is depicted in the home of a noble of ancient India, about to begin an otoplastic operation. The patient, drugged with wine, is steadied by friends and relatives as the great surgeon sets about fashioning an artificial ear lobe. He will use a section of flesh to be cut from the patient‚s cheek; it will be attached to the stump of the mutilated organ, treated with homeostatic powders, and bandaged. Details of this procedure, and of Susrut‚s surgical instruments, are to be found in the Susruta-samhita, ancient Indian text on surgery.

SUSRUTA SURGEON OF OLD INDIA

That ancient land, India, nurtured man to its breast early in the dawn of civilization. The dry sands of Sind, now in West Pakistan, have revealed to archeologist`s remains of civilizations going back 5000 to 6000 years, and perhaps further- peoples whose well-constructed cities included houses with adjoining bathrooms and wells, and elaborate public drainage systems. Some scholars believe that it was these early people, whose civilization dates from a period contemporary with the early Egyptians and Babylonians that were conquered by Aryans during their invasion from the north, about 1600 B.C. From them, the Aryans learned many civilized ways, and from this amalgamation developed the Aryan Hindu people. The conquering Aryans brought with them a group of dialects belonging to the Indo-European linguistic family; one of these dialects, to which the name Sanskrit was later applied, came to be the polished instrument of literary composition and the vehicle of Hindu civilization through the ages.

The oldest and most sacred book of the Hindus are collectively called the Veda, a word literally signifying knowledge; but in view of the fact that religious knowledge was considered knowledge par excellence, the word Veda should be taken in this specialized sense. The oldest and foremost portion of the Veda is the Rig Veda, consisting of hymns of praise to the various deities of the large Hindu pantheon. There are also some very remarkable hymns of a philosophical and speculative character. The most recent of these collections, and the last to attain canonicity, the Atharva Veda, for the most part consists of various charms and spells designed to ward off the effects of diseases and the incursions of enemies. The Atharva Veda is the earliest document in India in which there may be found allusions to medical subjects, although they are of a somewhat primitive character, and largely permeated by magic and sorcery.

In the course of the centuries, the Hindus greatly improved upon and supplemented the primitive beliefs about medicine in the Atharva Veda, and came to apply to the art of healing the same subtlety of intellect and penetrating study that characterize the many other technical branches of Indian learning. The body of literature that gradually grew up on the subject of medicine is called the Ayur Veda- literally, the ‚€úknowledge of life. The most important medical manuals grouped under the generic name Ayur Veda are: the Charakasamhita or ‚€úCompendium of Charaka, and the Susruta-samhita or Collection of Susruta.

Among the many distinguished names in Hindu medicine, that of Susruta stands out in particular. Unfortunately, the dates of Susruta‚€™s lifetime, like those of so many other figures in India` s long history, are not definitely assignable. From mention of his name by the famous Arab physician, Rhazes, as well as from accounts of the Chinese Buddhist pilgrim, 1-tsing, and his inclusion among medical authorities mentioned in the famous Bower manuscript (about 350 A.D.) found in Chinese Turkistan in 1890, there can be no doubt that Susruta flourished prior to the fourth century A.D. Certainly this is the very latest period that can be assigned to him. However, several writers have placed him at a much earlier date- sometimes as early as 400 B.C. There is no agreement on this point.

 Indian Veden

         

In it are described among other things in detail :

14 different belly growths - 12 kinds of worm illnesses - 8 kinds of jaundice - 20 kinds of ear suffering - 65 kinds of oral infections - 31 kinds of nasal illnesses - hundreds of plants and her uses - approx. 500 herbal drugs and her use

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A 17. Ayurveda

The Ayurveda has its origin in India and is regarded not only as one of the oldest known medicinal systems in the world, but also as one of the best documented healing arts of antiquity.The oldest testimonies of Ayurveda were between 1500 and 1000 BC in writing. Previously, the doctrine has been passed orally for centuries, so that the Ayurveda today an age of over 5000 years of power.Around the time of documentation were the four "Indian books of wisdom" (Vedas, the main Vedas), in which the findings of the Ayurvedic system. In the Rig Veda are already using Protesen, operations and over 60 medicinal plants in 1028 verses.The around 1200 BC wrote Arharva Veda already explained various therapies and nearly 300 medicinal plants with their impact and use.

History The precise origins of Ayurveda is not just temporary fix, but leave the old Scriptures Indian approximate conclusions.This respected as a sacred scriptures, the Vedas deemed valid and timeless mention in the application of various forms of Ayurveda.In some ancient Hindu scriptures, the gods Dhanvantari doctor is the author of the doctrine of Ayurveda mentioned.

The Rig Veda is about 5000 years old estimated the Arthava Veda to the period before about 3200 years ago. In both titles, the practice of Ayurveda as invocations and hymns written.With these referrals should the forces of nature, such as wind, water and fire, but also plants and minerals from the Communicate mild motion and the people will bring salvation.Widespread in ancient cultures is the combination of the professions of doctor and priest as a holistic welfare of body, mind and soul of the people. First records date from the period around about 700 BC. Atreya as the founder of the first medical school in India, the collectionAgnivesha Samhita, together with some of his students have developed and summarized.Century before Christ, a kind of scholar-Congress has been suggested, in which the teaching of Ayurveda texts from these newly collected, sorted and its mode of operation according to the hitherto known, scientific viewpoint was examined.Charaka  - Sushruta -  VagbhataAs a result emerged first two, then three teaching directions, even Sampradayas, which according to its founders were appointed.Charaka - Sushruta - Vagbhata

Charaka The teaching will take place in the direction of Charaka main text Charaka Samhita its focus and deals with the internal medicine.The main plant is considered together with the Sushruta Samhitha as one of the oldest surviving works of Indian art of healing, and is approximately 800 to 600 before our era dated.Century in the Arab world and was known even translated into Arabic.

In Charakas system, the Ayurveda in eight parts: Sutra-sthana (general guidelines) - Nidana-sthana (Pathology) - Vimana-sthana (diagnostics) - Sarira-sthana (anatomy and physiology) - Indriya-sthana (forecast) - Cikitsa-sthana (therapy) - Kalpa-sthana (Pharmacy) - Siddhi-stana (treatment)

The doctor should Charaka his knowledge of the creator god Brahma returned, the students who Aswinis (Doctors of the Devas, half gods) and Indra (king of the Devas) - knowledge about Atreya and Agnivesha of Charaka have passed.

Sushruta The teaching toward Sushruta is in the same time as the Charaka dated and deals primarily with the art of surgery.TheSushruta Samhita documented about 300 operations such as eye surgery on Star disorders, fracture surgery, caesarean section, the brackets of wounds in women and horse hair, and other methods of surgical treatment. In addition, more than 100 surgical instruments described as probes, pliers and lancets. Equally interesting is the tradition of skin grafts and plastic surgery such as a nasal plastic. Like Charaka be the origin of Sushrutas knowledge on the Creator God Brahma back, but here as a direct bearerDhanvantari, the Vedic god of medicine.

Vagbhata In contrast to the teachings of Charaka and Sushruta, the doctrine of Vagbhata only in the 7th Century after Christ. Vagbhata began drafting a combination of the two previous lessons and supplemented them with new herbs and other diseases. When his masterwork, the Astanga Hridaya Samhita , and the Astanga Sangraha Samhita These works were also in the Islamic world and has also translated into different languages.

Ayurveda Basics The human body consists of approximately 100 trillion cells, in which every second countless biochemical reactions proceed.This system intact to preserve is already difficult and is further complicated by external influences, the system both support or hinder. In Ayurveda, for the preservation of this system, the three doshas (principles) blamed Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Generally, everything that effect on the body, the three doshas assigned.This applies to food as well as for example, visual stimuli (light, colors, ect.). Each intake of influences acts accordingly, to the dosha weighting, which is not rigidly consistent (for example in the ratio 1:1:2), but also depending on the situation must be adjusted.The organism itself can to a certain extent be smaller fluctuations in the balance doshas itself, as long as no over-stimulation from the outside. If the irritation but unavoidable, the manifold possibilities of Ayurveda in the corresponding dimensions supporting actor.

Ayurveda nutrition The Ayurvedic nutrition plays in a fundamental role. Any food is a cure equated, which also is in a position to balance the doshas to influence or restore, as a drug.It is not the food Ayurveda as in the western diet doctrine in its individual parts (minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates) dismantled seen, but always tailored to the safety and the needs of the individuals examined and adjusted. In the foreground are the Ayurveda no rules, prohibitions or even a calorie count. It will support the ability of its own people encouraged to listen to his body.This should be seen as the first constitution of the people and the predominant dosha principle recognized. Optimal Konstitutions way, the determination by an experienced Ayurvedic doctor or therapist in the context of a thorough investigation completed.

A cold drink would currently reduced dosha (heavy, cool, humid) even more reduced. The body, however, would have to drink in the only warm body (Activity, Pitta hot, light), what Pitta dosha further increases .. A slight body heat drink, however, would not heat produce activity of the body require - the thirst is cleared, Pitta reduced to the balance

A 18. Medicine today  

From 1805  the treatment of "illnesses" after their "symptoms" began in the so-called modern medicine , with "single active substances", after one had isolated first such. The age of the industrial production of "medicaments" began with it . Explosively names of "illnesses" started to increase, one thought up himself, on the basis of symptoms, always new ones.

Today there are thousands of names for illnesses which are treated by more than 170 fields - to doctors and daily these become more concepts, names and "specialists" in their very own medicine - language. In the 18th century the physical welfare customer her new beginning took a gentle revolution. Ancient remedial methods were "rediscovered", the Chinese, Indian, African, Arabian, Greek, Asian appeared among other things again. The homoeopathy began her triumphal procession in the 18th century in Germany. Today centuries fought and mocked, treat, 2 of 3 doctors in Germany, also with this therapy. In India 50% of the hospitals there  are aimed meanwhile  to it.

A 19. Homeopathy - special site 

A 20. Acupuncture - special site

A 21. The electric medicine

The Royal Rife Story 9:50   Royal Rife-In His Own Words 7:36 Royal Rife Lab Film 9:33

 Rife Documentary Trailer 1:57  Rife Documentary Trailer 2 - 3:33  Killing Parasite with Frequency o:32

 Videos :2:06:30 Dr. Beck 1996  51:30 Dr. Beck 1996                                       Dr. R. Rife      Dr. Beck

Bild Rife Bild Medizin Dr. Beck 2 Bild Medizin Reich Dr. Reif

The theoretical basis of this therapy says that bacteria and viruses cause diseases. These are complemented by electricity in certain frequencies killing. For many natural healers is controversial. The look in bacteria and viruses need to see parts of the immune system and in the wrong Millieu the organism is the cause of diseases. I represent this view.

Miscellaneous Letter Collection:  Bild Button pfeil1

Bild Johnson - mitte Aurthur Kendall Bild Button pfeil1 Milbank Johnson Bild Button pfeil1  Royal Rife Bild Button pfeil1   Bild Crane John Crane Bild Button pfeil1

More information: Ben Collums Written Statements Bild Button pfeil1  International Cancer Research Bild Button pfeil1  E.C. Rosenow M.D. Bild Button pfeil1

A 22 Experts of medical These names have written nature - medicine - history:

 ParacelsusDr. Hahnemann - Dr. med.Abrams - Engineer Upton - Engineer Knuth - Harvalik - Bovis - Prof. Dr. Dubrow - Dr. Rife - Dr. Tesla - Kirlian - Prof. Popp - Prof. Dr. Shalatova - Prof. Pawlow - Prof. Setschenov - Ugolew - Gerlowin - Dr. Bach - A. Howard - A. Gurwitsch - Engineer Lachowskij - Prof. Rahn - DR. G. W. Crile - Dr. Galvani - Prof. Northrop - Prof. H. See Burr

Their biographies and discoveries are amusing, exciting and way pointing. Their life was often a mockery and travesty, hardly recognition. Almost always they  were fought by the industry, her scientific colleagues and the general public

A 23 Medical History of americans Indians Bild Button pfeil1

With the Indians of North America, there were more than 200 trunks, with more than 2,000 languages and 200 dialects.

These were highly educated people with exemplary culture, - and social systems and by no means the savages from the slanderous western of Hollywood. With them there was a "mother of earth ”. All living beings whether person or animal, were brothers, sisters and friends and were treated with respect and reverence. After her world view there are four areas on the earth:

1.  Minerals            can exist without help of another area 

2.   Plants             need minerals

3.   Animals              need minerals and plants

4.   People            need minerals - plants and the animals for her existence.   

Up to 1971 the highly intelligent North American Indians preserved the knowledge of her witch doctors as a secret from the white man who has only lied to them and has cheated and never one unanimously contract kept. On a conference of the witch doctors of the Cheerokee these decided to announce of it a part, from worry about the destruction of the mother earth and all her living being, including the humanity. Headman Rolling Thunder took over this job to ventilate some of these secrets. Bild Button pfeil1 Bild Button pfeil1 Bild Button pfeil1 Bild Button pfeil1 Bild Button pfeil1

Bild buch indianer healing Bild Buch indianer native healing Bild buch indianer healing video Bild buch indianer healing 2 Bild Buch indianer native plants Bild buch indianer rolling t

A 24 Sequoyah Cheerokee Bild Button pfeil1 Bild Button pfeil1 Bild Button pfeil1

If an alphabet developed in 1820 as the first person alone from 85 letters with 5 vowels.

 Cherokee syllabary   Tslagi (Cherokee)  Bild Button pfeil1

The Cherokee syllabary, which was reputedly invented by George Guess, a.k.a. Chief Sequoyah, of the Cherokee, was introduced in 1819. Sequoyah's descendants claim that he was the last surviving member of his tribe's scribe clan and the Cherokee syllabary was invented by persons unknown at a much earlier date.

By 1820 thousands of Cherokees had learnt the syllabary, and by 1830, 90% were literate in their own language. Books, religious texts, almanacs and newspapers were all published using the syllabary, which was widely used for over 100 years.

Today the syllabary is still used, efforts are being made to revive both the Cherokee language and the Cherokee syllabary, and Cherokee courses are offered at a number of schools, colleges and universities.

Used to write

Cherokee (Tsalagi), a Southern Iroquoian language spoken by around 22,500 people in North Carolina and Oklahoma.

Cherokee syllabary 

Sample text in Cherokee

Sample text in Cherokee 

Transliteration Nigada aniyvwi nigeguda'lvna ale unihloyi unadehna duyukdv gesv'i. Gejinela unadanvtehdi ale unohlisdi ale sagwu gesv junilvwisdanedi anahldinvdlv adanvdo gvhdi.

Translation All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Vowel Sounds

a, as a in father, or short as a in rival

e, as a in hate, or short as e in met

i, as i in pine, or short as i in pit

o, as o in note, approaching aw as in law

u, as oo in fool, or short as u in pull

v, as u in but, nasalized

Consonant Sounds

g, nearly as in English, but approaching to k

d, nearly as in English, but approaching to t as in English

Syllables beginning with g except qa have sometimes the power of k go, du, dv are sometimes sounded to, tu, tv and syllables written with ti except tia sometimes vary to di.

A 25 Plants life  Bild Button pfeil1

 If are alchemists.... can convert elements, new ones create... there are 90% of stored energy... only these build nitrogen in egg white around... can be processed easily by the human organism. The American Indians thanked and apologised for the plants, which they collected before they pick. They used them and had a personal relationship to them.

Prof. Dr. Popp and the engineers Semyon and Valentina Kirlian and Dr. Ruben Stepanow demonstrated with films and photos that plants respond to violations, even before this happen Bild Button pfeil1 Bild Button pfeil1 Bild Button pfeil1 Bild Button pfeil1 Bild Button pfeil1 Videos : Kirlian Photography Explanation 18:38 Bild Button pfeil1 Kirlian Imaging 2:16 Bild Button pfeil1 

Bild Kirlian Blatt 2 Bild Kirlian Blatt3 Bild Kirlian Ing. Semyon Kirlian

Christopher Bird and Peter Tompkins, in her book compiled extensive evidence of the plant life - a memory - in loving affection, grief and pain and respond to music. They show feelings as human beings. You can as lies - Dedektoren be used because they can not be fooled. That sounds incredible, but it is proven.

PhD A. Popp Bild Button pfeil1                     Christopher Bird  Peter Tompkins

Bild Medizin Popp Bild Buch Popp 1 Bild christopher bird Bild Tompkins Peter bild buch das geheime leben der pfl. engl.1 Bild D. Attenborough Bild Buch das geheime leben der pfl. 2 engl. Sir F. D. Attenborough

Sir Frederick David Attenborough produce extraordinary films about the wonderful world of plants. Here are a few of them:  Bild Button pfeil1 Bild Button pfeil1 Bild Button pfeil1

A 26 Schuessler Salt  Bild Button pfeil1 are not Homeopathy - replease missing Minerals elements

Bild Medizin schuessler Bild Button pfeil1 Bild Button pfeil1 Dr. Wilhelm H. Schuessler bild schuessler-salze

The German physician Dr. Heinrich Willhelm Schuessler (1821-1898) was originally a supporter of homeopathy, but distanced himself because of the enormous number of funds of this healing method. He developed his own "biochemistry." Will this new therapy by the people: Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, the founder of homeopathy - Prof. Dr. Rudolf Virchow, the founder of the so-called cellular pathology, Dr. Jakob pier bulkhead - physiologist. The ideas of these men can be divided into three courses sentences:

Bild Medizin hahnemann-samuel  Dr. Samuel Hahnemann Bild Button pfeil1 “ Equal can be cured.with the same “.

Bild Medizin virchow  Prof. Dr. Rudolf Virchow Bild Button pfeil1 " The disease of the body is equal to the illness of the cell. "

Bild Medizin Moleschott  Dr. Jacob Moleschott  Bild Button pfeil1  " The disease is caused by the cell loss of inorganic salts. ”

Dr. Schuessler assumed that most diseases on a disturbance of the mineral balance due.

Already the lack of a single mineral affects the whole metabolism. The organism is suggested that the lack of mineral again from the food. From the large number of homeopathic means isolated after many years of practical studies twelve mineral salts, which in his opinion, as the main cell nutrients to apply. These are different connections of the elements calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, sodium and silica. Schuessler won his findings on the functions of bio-minerals due to years of experience. The observation of his patients and his findings led him to discoveries that today by the research to be confirmed. The Bio - minerals, it's like for homeopathic products on the precise choice of means. He called it function, since each of these have an influence on certain functions of the organs exercises. The Schuessler salts in the form of tablets - globules or drops used.

Application: Main Purposes 1-12  the Schuessler Cell Salts and their "application":

 Calcium fluoride - Schuessler Tissue Salts No 1 For the bones. Calcium fluoride (Schuessler Cell Salts No 1) is present in the cells of the marrow in the bones, in tooth nerves and all flexible fibers.

Calcium phosphate - stabilization purpose of the Schuessler Tissue Salts No 2 Calcium phosphate (Schuessler Cell Salts No 2) is contained predominantly in all body cells and in the bone cells.

Ferrum phosphate - inflammation purposes of the Schuessler Tissue Salts No 3 Ferrumphosphate (Schuessler Cell Salts No 3): Iron is present in the blood and in the muscle cells. The iron contained in the red blood corpuscles absorbs oxygen from the air we inhale.

Potassium chloride - mucous membrane use of the Schuessler Tissue Salts No 4 Potassiumchloride (Schuessler Cell Salts No 4) is a component of nearly all body cells and stands in close relationship with the connective tissue.

Potassium phosphate - nerve and muscle uses of the Schuessler Tissue Salts No 5 Potassiumphosphate (Schuessler Cell Salts No 5) is present in brain cells, the nerves and in the muscle cells.

Potassium sulphate - skin uses of the Schuessler Tissue Salts No 6 Potassiumsulphate (Schuessler Cell Salts No 6) is present in the upper skin cells and muscles. 

Magnesia phosphate - nerve uses of the Schuessler Tissue Salts No 7 Magnesiaphosphate (Schuessler Cell Salts No 7) is present in the muscles, blood corpuscles, nerves, brain, in bones and teeth. Magnesium phosphoricum is used as the “Hot 7“

Sodium chloride - water uses of the Schuessler Tissue Salts No 8 Sodiumchloride (Schuessler Cell Salts No 8) and/or common salt occurs in all body fluids and fabrics. Sodium chloratum regulates water absorption and delivery of cells.

Sodium phosphate - neutralizing use of the Schuessler Tissue Salts No 9 Sodiumphosphate (Schuessler Cell Salts No 9) is a component of the blood corpuscles, muscles, the nerve and brain cells as well as liquid fibre.

Sodium sulphate - elimination use of the Schuessler Tissue Salts No 10 Sodiumsulphate has the ability of quickly excreting excessive tissue fluid accumulated with metabolic wastes, from the body.

Silicea - stabilization purposes of the Schuessler Tissue Salts No 11 Silicea (Schuessler Cell Salts No 11) is a component of the connective tissue, the marrow, the mucous membrane, the hair, the nails, the bone and nerves.

Calcium sulphate - regeneration purposes of the Schuessler Tissue Salts No 12 Calciumsulphate (Schuessler Cell Salts No 12) occurs in the gall bladder and in the liver.

The additional tissue salts

In the mean time 15 new tissue salts have been discovered in Europe. In addition to the 12 classical tissue salts that are well known in South Africa, we now have at our disposal the numbers 13 till 27 (see list). Until further notice these additional Schuessler tissue salts will only be available from a health practitioner. If you want to know more about them please give us a call or fill out the enquiry form.

Nr. 13 “ Kalium arsenicosum” Skin, anorexia, warts, physical debility

Nr. 14 “ Kalium bromatum” Skin, overactive nervous system, relieve hyperactivity

Nr. 15 “ Kalium jodatum” Thyroid gland, gout, rheumatism, heart complaints, depression

Nr. 16 “ Lithium chloratum” Gout, rheumatism, heavy nervous complaints

Nr. 17 “ Manganum sulfuricum” Supports the absorption of iron in the blood, liver and gall bladder disorders, asthma

Nr. 18 “ Calcium sulfuratum” States of exhaustion, loss of weight, antioxidants

Nr. 19 “ Cuprum arsenicosum” Colic pain, kidney disorders, belly pain

Nr. 20 “ Kalium Aluminium sulfuricum” Nervous complaints, colic, flatulence, elimination of metal, liver and gall bladder disorders

Nr. 21 “ Zincum chloratum” Metabolism, menstrual pain, nervous complaints, prostate problems

Nr. 22 “ Calcium carbonicum” States of exhaustion, early ageing

Nr. 23 “ Calcium bicarbonicum” Acid condition of the system

Nr. 24 “ Arsenum jodatum” Skin, eczema, juvenile acne, lung disorders, hay fever, allergies

Nr. 25 “ Aurum chloratum natronatum” High blood pressure, female complaints, depression, menopause, eyes

Nr. 26 “ Selenium” Liver and gall bladder disorders, nervous complaints, elimination of toxics (Amalgam), immune system, heart attack, chemotherapy

Nr. 27 “ Kalium bichromicum” Hyperglycaemia, high cholesterol, cleansing of pus

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